Safety Acronyms


Health and Safety Acronyms (HSA’s)

As we all know, acronyms are shorter forms of words or phrases that are useful when you need to repeat the same word or phrase a number of times throughout the same piece of writing. Or maybe to make you look smarter or more important when they are printed on your name on your business card? They have become common place in the world of social media but can be misinterpreted eg the Mother who recently texted her son to say “Your Uncle just died, LOL” – she thought LOL meant “Lots Of Love”.

Apart from in the IT industry, the safety world seems to have more three-letter acronyms (TLA’s) than any other. I hear new ones every day, they roll easily off the tongue and those in the game spit them out assuming we all know what they mean. But, most of us are too proud to admit our ignorance and slink off to google it on the iphone. We took great delight in making up our own derogatory meanings for any acronym we didn’t understand. Then there was our under performing Safety Health Improvement Team (took ages for the boss to wake up to that one). I’ve taken to always asking what a TLA means – its amazing how many people using them dont even know!

I couldn’t find any web page or resource devoted to Safety Acronyms so I decided to start one and hope it helps –PLEASE FEEL FREE TO CONTRIBUTE IN THE COMMENTS SECTION BELOW.

Here are a few Safety Acronyms to get the ball rolling and hopefully the list will grow over time:

  1. AART -Apply Advanced Resuscitation Techniques
  2. AFARP As far as reasonably practical
  3. ALARA – As Low As Reasonably Achievable
  4. ALARP – As Low As Reasonably Practicable
  5. ASSE – American Society of Safety Engineers
  6. BBS – Behavioural Based Safety
  7. COP – Code of Practice
  8. CBT – Competency Based Training
  9. CIAED – Course In Automated External Defibrillation
  10. DGHS – Dangerous Goods and Hazardous Substances
  11. DIFR – Disabling Injury Frequency Rate
  12. DoL – Department of Labour NZ
  13. EHSR – Elected Health and Safety Representative
  14. ELCB – Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker
  15. ERT – Emergency Response Team
  16. FAI – First Aid Incident
  17. FIFR – Fatal Injury Frequency Rate
  18. HAZOP – Hazard and Operability
  19. HFA – Hazard Factor Assessment
  20. HIRA – Hazard Identification Risk Assessment
  21. HSC – Health and Safety Committee
  22. HSE – Health & Safety Excutive (UK)
  23. HSR – Health and Safety Representative
  24. ISHR – Industry Safety & Health Representative
  25. JSA – Job Safety Analysis (risk assessment before starting work)
  26. JSEA – as for JSA but includes Environmental risks
  27. L2RA – Level Two Risk Assessment
  28. LTFR – Lost Time Frequency Rate
  29. LTI – Lost Time Injury
  30. MSDS – Material Safety Data Sheet
  31. MTI – Medically Treated Incident
  32. NCSB – NIOSH Certification Sdn Bhd (Malaysia)
  33. NLTPHRW -National Licence To Perform High Risk Work
  34. NIOSH – National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (Malaysia)
  35. NIOSH – National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US)
  36. NMI – Near Miss Incident
  37. NSCA – National Safety Council of Australia
  38. OFA – Occupational First Aid
  39. OHS – Occupational Health and Safety
  40. OHSAS – Occupational Health & Safety Assessment Series
  41. OHSC– Occupational Health and Safety Committee
  42. OSHA – Occupational Safety & Health Act (Malaysia)
  43. OSHA – Occupational Safety & Health Administration (US)
  44. OSHMS – Occupational Safety and Health Management System
  45. OHSMS – Occupational Health and Safety Management System
  46. PCBU – Person conducting a business or undertaking
  47. PHMP – Principal Hazard Management Plan – defined term in Qld coal mining legislation. A Principal Hazard is one capable of causing multiple fatalities. No coal mine in Qld can start without a PHMP for all PHs relevant to its operations.
  48. POCL – Pre Operation Check List
  49. PPE – Personal Protective Equipment
  50. PTW – Permit to Work
  51. RA – Risk Assessment
  52. RACE – Rescue, Activate alarm, Confine the fire, Evacuate/Extinguish
  53. RCD – Residual Current Device
  54. SFA – Senior First Aid
  55. SHE – Safety Health and Environment
  56. SHO – Safety and Health Officer (Malaysia)
  57. SHIT – Special High Intensity Training
  58. SHMP – Safety & Health Management Plan (action plan to implement the SHMS)
  59. SHMS – Safety & Health Management System
  60. SIA – Safety Institute of Australia (Australia)
  61. SIFR – Serious Injury Frequency Rate
  62. SINA – Safety Is No Accident
  63. SIT – Safety Improvement Team
  64. SMP – Safety management Plan
  65. SOP – Standard Operating Procedure (defined in Queensland mining legislation)
  66. SSHR – Site Safety & Health Representative
  67. SWI – Safe (or Standard) Work Instruction – short summary of the SOP, usually one page, listing risks and risk controls.
  68. SWL – Safe Working Load
  69. SWP – Safe Work Procedures, Safe Work Platform
  70. TRI – Total Recordable Injuries
  71. VRDs – Voltage Reduction Devices
  72. [email protected] – Work at Heights
  73. WAH – Work at Heights
  74. WHS – Workplace Health and Safety
  75. WHSO – Workplace Health and Safety Officer
  76. WICS – Work In Confined Space
  77. WMS – Work Method Statement

FAA Wants OSHA to Enforce Some Occupational Safety and Health Standards


In the past, worker safety sometimes has taken a back seat on the plane to aviation safety in general. Soon, however, the skies might become friendlier for flight attendants and other crew members. While the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) aviation safety regulations continue to take precedence, the agency is proposing that OSHA be able to enforce certain occupational safety and health standards currently not covered by FAA oversight.


“Safety is our highest priority and that certainly extends to those who work in the transportation industry,” said Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. “Under this proposal, flight attendants would, for the first time, be able to report workplace injury and illness complaints to OSHA for response and investigation.”

“The policy with the FAA will not only enhance the health and safety of flight attendants by connecting them directly with OSHA but will, by extension, improve the flying experience of millions of airline passengers,” said Secretary of Labor Hilda L. Solis.

Flight attendant workplace issues could include things such as exposure to noise and bloodborne pathogens, and access to information on hazardous chemicals. The FAA and OSHA will continue to work to identify any additional conditions where OSHA requirements could apply. They also will develop procedures to ensure that OSHA does not apply any requirements that could affect aviation safety.

“Flight attendants contribute to the safe operation of every flight each day,” said acting FAA Administrator Michael Huerta. “This proposed policy is an important step toward establishing procedures for resolving flight attendant workplace health and safety concerns.”

“We look forward to working with the FAA and the airlines to assure the protection of flight attendants,” said Dr. David Michaels, assistant secretary of labor for occupational safety and health.

Through the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012, Congress required the FAA to develop a policy statement to outline the circumstances in which OSHA requirements could apply to crew members while they are working on aircraft.

Check on Theme Parks Regularly


KUALA LUMPUR: Theme park operators must be able to ensure the safety of its visitors or bear the responsibility should accidents occur.

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health chairman Tan Sri Lee Lam Thye said the responsibility of guaranteeing visitors at theme parks are safe was in the hands of the management.

tan-sri-lee-lam-thye“They must have adequate warning signs for the public. It is also necessary to ensure that all safety instructions are visible to visitors.”

Lee said park employees must also ensure visitors are aware of and adhere to safety rules on rides, and supervise all dangerous rides.

“They cannot take it for granted.”

Federation of Malaysian Consumers Associations chief executive officer Datuk Paul Selva Raj said all theme parks should be regularly inspected by authorities.

“The operators might not realise their equipment is damaged and continue to operate, posing a danger to visitors.”

He said theme parks in the country were not up to international standards.

Lee and Selva Raj were responding to the recent case involving a 14-year-old boy who fell off a water slide at a theme park in Malacca.

He suffered cracks to the skull and received more than 30 stitches on the head and chin.

An Occupational Safety and Health Department spokesman said they had initiated investigations into the case and would be sending a team to inspect the theme park.

Western Metals Earns SHARP Recognition


Western Metals Recycling’s Salt Lake City, Utah, scrap recycling facility has received the SHARP (Safety & Health Achievement Recognition Program) designation from the Utah Department of Labor. SHARP is an OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) award given to businesses that demonstrate an outstanding commitment to workplace safety and health.

Jim Ramsey, Western Metals Recycling’s (WMR) Salt Lake general manager, and Dennis Schofield, WMR Salt Lake plant manager, accepted the award on behalf of WMR.

westernmetalssharpaward“We could not have achieved SHARP status without the effort and commitment to safety that each of you displays every day. Safety is our core value at Western Metals and the entire team is firmly united behind our goal of zero accidents,” says Schofield.

John Ferriola, Nucor Corp.’s president and COO, says, “Thank you for what you do every day for Western Metals Recycling, and most importantly thank you for doing it safely. Achieving this award is truly an honor. WMR Salt Lake City teammates should be proud to be the first of DJJ’s recycling facilities to earn this prestigious award . . . but they will not be the last. Nothing is more important than safety. Absolutely nothing.”

Not So Sweet: OSHA Cites Pittsburgh Chocolate Company for Safety Violations


OSHA cited Tsudis Chocolate Co. for two repeat and 14 serious safety violations at its Pittsburgh candy manufacturing facility and proposed more than $84,150 in fines. OSHA investigators determined a worker was injured because proper energy control procedures were not in place.

OSHA opened an inspection after a worker sustained head injuries while setting up operations on a machine that started up inadvertently.

“A machine was not locked out to prevent the accidental start-up that caused this worker’s injuries,” said Robert Szymanski, director of OSHA’s Pittsburgh Area Office. “By not complying with OSHA’s standards, this company continues to leave its workers vulnerable to hazards that could cause serious injury and possible death.”


The repeat violations involve failing to provide workers with adequate training in safe energy control and electrical work practices. A repeat violation exists when an employer previously has been cited for the same or a similar violation of a standard, regulation, rule or order at any other facility in federal enforcement states within the last 5 years. OSHA cited the company with similar violations in October 2010. Tsudis employs approximately 135 workers at the Pittsburgh facility.

The serious violations involve deficient energy control procedures, improper storage of materials, inadequate machine guarding, electrical hazards and failing to provide proper exits/means of egress. A serious violation occurs when there is the substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard about which the employer know or should have known.

The company has 15 business days from receipt of the citations to comply, request an informal conference with Szymanski or contest the citations and proposed penalties before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.

TM Sarawak Given Zero Accident Target


KUCHING: Telekom Malaysia (TM) Bhd, Sarawak, is given a target of zero accident when its UniFi broadband services are launched in the state soon.

In announcing this, TM’s chief human resource officer Mohd Khalis Abd Rahim reminded TM Sarawak to continually drive home the importance of observing safety and health practices not only among its immediate staff but also to its contractors and the public when the service is launched.

“Our aim for Sarawak is to have zero accident when UniFi services are launched. This is possible if we continually practise safety standards from the very beginning.

“We cannot delay safety practices because it will disrupt workflow,” he said yesterday during the launching of TM Sarawak safety and health campaign at TM Sarawak contingent headquarters at Jalan Simpang Tiga here.

a2012041751He believed that it would be easy for TM Sarawak to achieve the target due to the staff’s strong commitment and good teamwork.

“I want TM Sarawak to be the benchmark for safety. It is everyone’s responsibility and we also must find creative ways to increase safety awareness among our staff and contractors,” Mohd Khalis said.

On accidents, he informed that TM’s safety record last year was good except for two fatal accidents involving its contractors.

“Although it involved our contractor, we must not take it lightly because we want to extend good practices to all of our partners,” he said.

Earlier this year, TM executive vice-president of SME, Azizi A Hadi, said TM planned to expand its high-speed broadband services to various states including Sarawak this year.

The two-day campaign featured health talks by medical experts, safety demonstration, exhibitions and health checks.

Participants of the event included personnel from the Fire and Rescue Services Department, Civil Defence Department, Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), Sarawak Energy Berhad, Multimedia College Sarawak and Normal Medical Specialist Centre.

TM Sarawak general manager Abdul Rahim Mohd Ali was present.